Strategic Alliances


Strategic Alliances are agreements among firms in which each commits resources to achieve a common set of objectives. Companies may form Strategic Alliances with a wide variety of players: customers, suppliers, competitors, universities or divisions of government. Through Strategic Alliances, companies can improve competitive positioning, gain entry to new markets, supplement critical skills and share the risk or cost of major development projects.

Usage and effectiveness among survey respondents

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How Strategic Alliances work:

To form a Strategic Alliance, companies should:

  • Define their business vision and strategy in order to understand how an alliance fits their objectives
  • Evaluate and select potential partners based on the level of synergy and the ability of the firms to work together
  • Develop a working relationship and mutual recognition of opportunities with the prospective partner
  • Negotiate and implement a formal agreement that includes systems to monitor performance
Related topics Bain capabilities


Companies use Strategic Alliances to:

  • Reduce costs through economies of scale or increased knowledge
  • Increase access to new technology
  • Inhibit competitors
  • Enter new markets
  • Reduce cycle time
  • Improve research and development efforts
  • Improve quality


Selected references

Armstrong, Arthur G., and John Hagel III. Net Gain: Expanding Markets Through Virtual Communities. Harvard Business School Press, March 1997.

Chang, Wen-Long, and Jasmine Yi-Hsuan Hsin. "The Study of the Motivation and Performance of the Incubators' Strategic Alliances: Strategic Groups Perspective." Journal of American Academy of Business, March 2006, pp. 126-133.

Doz, Yves L., and Gary Hamel. Alliance Advantage. Harvard Business School Press, 1998.

Dyer, Jeffrey H., Prashant Kale, and Harbir Singh. "How to Make Strategic Alliances Work." Sloan Management Review, Summer 2001, pp. 37-43.

Dyer, Jeffrey H., Prashant Kale, and Harbir Singh. "When to Ally and When to Acquire." Harvard Business Review, July 2004, pp. 108-115.

Kanter, Rosabeth M. "Collaborative Advantage: The Art of Alliances." Harvard Business Review, July/August 1994, pp. 96-108.

Kaplan, Robert S., David P. Norton, and Bjarne Rugelsjoen. "Managing Alliances with the Balanced Scorecard." Harvard Business Review, January 2010, pp. 114-120.

Kuglin, Fred A., with Jeff Hook. Building, Leading and Managing Strategic Alliances. AMACOM, 2002.

Lewis, Jordan D. Trusted Partners: How Companies Build Mutual Trust and Win Together. Free Press, March 2000.

Rigby, Darrell K., and Robin W.T. Buchanan. "Putting More Strategy into Strategic Alliances." Directors and Boards, Winter 1994, pp. 14-19.

Rigby, Darrell K., and Chris Zook. "Open-Market Innovation." Harvard Business Review, October 2002, pp. 80-89.

Segil, Larraine. Measuring the Value of Partnering: How to Use Metrics to Plan, Develop, and Implement Successful Alliances. American Management Association, 2004.

Shenkar, Oded, and Jeffrey J. Reuer (eds.). Handbook of Strategic Alliances. Sage Publications, 2005.

Steinhilber, Steve. Strategic Alliances: Three Ways to Make Them Work. Harvard Business School Press, 2008.

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